Anatolian- Iranian origin, herbaceous, bulbous, bi- or perennial, 20-30 cm tall, onion leaf, reddish-mauve flowers. It is a medicine-spice plant that has been grown for thousands of years. Many varieties are cultivated in Southern Europe, West Asia and North Africa. Reproduce by onion. Good rune is obtained for 3-5 years. Each flower has 3 pieces of stigma (stigma). and these are collected in the inflorescence cap - sometimes with stlyilus, dried. (Usually, all the strawberries are collected, then the stigmas are separated by hand.) 1 kg of dried saffron is obtained from 6 kg of 100,000 - 140,000 flowers from 1 hectare. There are approximately 500,000 stigmas in 1 kg of spice. Due to this low yield, saffron has always been the most expensive spice.